Norfolk Southern History from 1881 to 1974
A Brief History of the First Norfolk Southern Railroad
Magazines and books that refer to the ol' Norfolk & Southern:
---- ICC Report #935, Accident at
Hertford, NC on Feb. 25, 1923
Note to people searching for Employee Records/Retirement Records/Family
High-resolution map of the N&S circa 1965:
Aerial view of Carolina Yard in Chesapeake, VA, photo submitted by P.P. Coulter Jr.
Norfolk Southern Railway All-Time Diesel Roster:
|NSRy No.||Builder||Model||B/N||Dates||SRy No.||Notes|
|1-17||EMD||GP18||27772-27788||9-10/63||180-196||Rebuilt by SR with high short hood, long hood forward|
|701-703||GE||70-ton||30013-30015||6/48||701,703||702 to Montpelier & Barre 30, 6/67; 701, 703 retired by SR 1978|
|661-663||Baldwin||DS4-4-660||73361, 2, 5||1, 1, 5/47||---||Retired mid-1960s|
|1001, 1002||Baldwin||DS4-4-1000||72832,72833||1/46||---||Retired mid-1960s|
|1606||Baldwin||AS416||75699||9/52||---||Retired upon SR merger|
|1607-1610||Baldwin||AS416||75721-75724||9-10/52||---||Retired upon SR merger|
|1611-1613||Baldwin||AS416||75938-75940||1/54||---||Retired upon SR merger|
|1614, 1615||Baldwin||AS416||76037, 76038||5/55||---||Retired upon SR merger|
|1616, 1617||Baldwin||AS416||76112, 76114||12/55||---||Retired upon SR merger, 1616 to Spencer Shops Museum|
|2001, 2002||EMD||GP38||31782, 31783||6/66||2280, 2281||Rebuilt by SR with high short hood, long hood forward|
|2003, 2004||EMD||GP38||32308, 32309||10/66||2282, 2283||Rebuilt by SR with high short hood, long hood forward|
|2005-2007||EMD||GP38||32491-32493||6-7/67||2884-2886||Rebuilt by SR with high short hood, long hood forward|
-- June 1909
-- No. 96, June 12, 1929
-- No. 76, Dec. 29, 1929
-- No. 80, May 31, 1931
-- No. 7, Sunday, Dec. 8, 1935
-- No. 91, Oct. 3, 1937 - Contributed by member John Dulaney
-- No. 94, Oct. 4, 1940 Page1 Page2
-- No. 98, Oct. 18, 1945
-- No. 138, Sept. 29, 1946 - Railbus Schedule between Norfolk & Virginia Beach
-- No. 99, Mar. 30, 1947front No. 99, Mar. 30, 1947back - source: Edward N Bradbury, Stonington, CT
-- No. 10, Sunday, May 6, 1951
-- No. 4, Sunday, Nov. 17, 1957
-- No. 1, Sunday, Jan. 14, 1962
-- No. 2, Sunday, July 12, 1964 Archives link
-- No. 3, March 1, 1970 - said to be the last one before the Southern acquisition.
-- More to be added as they surface.
January 20, 1870 - The Elizabeth City & Norfolk Railroad is chartered.
1881 - The line opens running from Berkerly, VA to Elizabeth City and on to Edenton, NC.
Febuary 1, 1883 - Name changed to the Norfolk Southern Railroad.
1910 - Albemarle trestle is built thus ending 8 years of carfloat ferry operations from Edenton to Mackey, NC.
1914 - NS builds a line from Varina on the former Raleigh & Southport Railway to Colon and from Mount Gilead to Charlotte creating a continuous line from Norfolk to Charlotte.
May 27, 1920 - NS leases the Durham & South Carolina Railroad gaining access to Durham. The connection from Bonsal to Duncan was built around this time.
1937 - Norfolk Southern retires the last American Standard type (4-4-0) steam engine, #52.
1940 - Norfolk Southern receives last steam engines, 5 Berkshire type 2-8-4, #600-604 from Baldwin Locomotive Works.
1941 - NS retires the last locomotive in wheel arrangement 2-6-0, #116.
January 21, 1942 - Company was reorganized for the last time as the Norfolk Southern Railway.
December 30, 1946 - #661, the first of three diesel yard switchers arrives, thus beginning the dieselization of the Norfolk Southern Rwy.
1948 - NS sells 2-8-0 #203 to the Atlantic & Western. Today this is the sole remaining NS steam engine on display as A&W #12 in Sanford, NC. At the end of 1948, there were 31 steam locomotives and 18 diesels.
1950 - Controversial sale of the 600-series steam locomotives to the Domestic & Foreign Commerce Co. of Washington, DC. Later to Mexico (NdeM).
1951 - First year that diesel locomotives outnumber steam, 23 to 21.
January 12, 1954 - Last steam locomotive to operate in revenue service. Morning yard job 2-8-0 #538 at Glenwood Yard in Raleigh.
January 29, 1954 - NS retires all steam locomotives following the receipt of three additional diesel locomotives, #1611, 1612, 1613. Diesels roster totalled 31.
February 5, 1954 - Diesel 1611 leaves Carolina Yard, Norfolk, VA with six retired steam locomotives in tow. They are:
September 29, 1961 - NS moves headquarters from Norfolk, VA to Raleigh,
January 1, 1974 - Norfolk Southern merges into the Southern Railway system after the Southern buys the NS.
* William E. Philips -- President, EC&N RR (1881-1882)
* William E. Philips -- President, NS RR (1883-1889)
* Watson B. Dickerman -- Receiver, NS RR (1889-1891)
* Watson B. Dickerman -- President, N&S RR (1891-1899)
* John Carstensen -- President, N&S RR (1900-1904)
* A.H. Flint -- President, N&S RR (1904-1905)
* Marsden J. Perry -- President, N&S RR (1905-1906)
* Frank S. Gannon -- President, N&S RR (1906-1908)
* Thomas Fitzgerald -- Receiver, N&S Ry (1908)
* Harry K. Walcott -- Receiver, N&S Ry (1908-1910)
* Hugh M. Kerr -- Receiver, N&S Ry (1908-1910)
* E.T. Lamb -- President, NS RR (1910-1912)
* Charles H. Hix -- President, NS RR (1912-1914)
* Joseph H. Young -- President, NS RR (1914-1918)
* R.H. Swartwout -- President, NS RR (1918-1919)
* George R. Loyall -- President, NS RR (1920-1932)
* G.R. Loyall & L.H. Windholz --Receivers, NS RR (1932-1933)
* M.H. Hawkins & L.H. Windholz --Receivers, NS RR (1933-1942)
* L.A. Beck -- President, NS Ry (1942-1947)
* J.T. Kingsley -- President, NS Ry (1947-1953)
* Patrick B. McGinnis served as Chairman of the Board during this time with Washington D.C. promoter, Joseph T. Kingsley. He later went on to Central of Georgia Railway for a while, then to the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad and later President of the Boston and Maine Railroad.
* G.M. Self -- President, NS Ry (1953-1954)
* J.R. Prichard -- President, NS Ry (1954-1956)
* Henry Oetjen -- President, NS Ry (1956- ?)
These other websites describe the History of the Norfolk Southern Railway. With all due respect, here they are:
N&SHS member Bill Seller's History of the Local Railroads (Beaufort
and Washington Counties, NC):
http://www.ncroots.com/SellersMem.htm - Memories of Washington, NC
http://digital.lib.ecu.edu/exhibits/tobacco/htmlFiles/TMAP.html - Article about Greenville's tobacco district
Bob Spruill has graciously sent this document to us. It describes Mackey's
NORFOLK & SOUTHERN RAILROAD AT MACKEYS FERRY.pdf
Steamlocomotive.com's page on the N&S Berkshires 2-8-4 steam engines